Europe Travel Restrictions for Americans: Everything You Need to Know
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Europe Travel Restrictions for Americans: Everything You Need to Know

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Editor’s note: This post will be regularly updated with new information about travel restrictions and news. It was last updated on October 19, 2021. 

After more than a year off-limits, countries across Europe began reopening their borders to American tourists this spring, requiring COVID-19 testing or proof of vaccination to get in. But as the Delta variant drives new waves across the globe, traveling to Europe is getting more complicated yet again.

The European Union has called to reinstate restrictions on American travelers. And while some countries across the continent are still allowing Americans to enter freely, other popular destinations are adding new testing requirements, making proof of vaccination an absolute must. Others still are locking back down again, shutting out Americans entirely – or requiring lengthy quarantines upon arrival.

The rules are changing rapidly, but here’s a country-by-country look at where Europe travel restrictions stand.

Don’t see the country you’re looking for? Check our guide on when international travel will resume for a full country-by-country list.

 

 

Austria Travel Restrictions

Austria reopened to U.S. travelers as of June 24, 2021.

U.S. citizens should avoid transiting London or any other U.K. airport on their way to Austria. The United Kingdom is considered a virus-variant country and the U.S. Embassy in Austria has received reports of U.S. citizens who were denied boarding connecting flights from London to Vienna.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Austria?

Yes, starting September 15, you need to be vaccinated or recently recovered from COVID-19 to travel to Austria without quarantining for 10 days.

Since reopening in late June, Austria gave visitors from the U.S. a few ways to get in. But now proof of vaccination is the only way to travel to Austria without quarantining for 10 days. Austria accepts proof of vaccination from the Moderna, Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, and AstraZeneca shots – with some caveats.

  • You must have received your first shot at least 21 days prior to arrival.
  • Currently, Austria only considers your proof of vaccination valid for 270 days after receiving your final dose – and for 90 days if you’ve only received one of two prescribed doses.

Alternatively, you can enter Austria with a recent negative COVID-19 test. That includes a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival or a rapid antigen test no more than 48 hours before entering Austria. However, you must enter mandatory quarantine for 10 days. You can get out of quarantine earlier if you take present another negative COVID-19 test five days after arrival.

 

Can I transit through Austria?

Yes, travelers transiting through Austria are not subject to COVID-19 entry restrictions or mandatory quarantine.

 

Do I have to wear a mask in Austria?

Face masks are required on public transport and indoors in public spaces and not just any mask. FFP2 or KN95 masks are required in most indoor spaces.

 

What’s open and closed in Austria?

To enter most indoor spaces, including hotels and restaurants, and some outdoor spaces you will have to show proof of vaccination, a negative COVID-19 test, or proof of recovery from COVID-19.

Hotels are open.

Restaurants, bars, and nightclubs are open.

Museums and tourist sites are open.

Shops are open.

 

Belgium Travel Restrictions

Belgium opened to U.S. travelers as of June 21, 2020.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Belgium?

The entry requirements for Belgium depend on a color system ranking countries red, orange, or green. If you are coming from a red country you need a negative COVID-19 test for entry. If you are coming from an orange or green country you do not need to present a COVID-19 test.

Currently, the United States is designated red. This means U.S. citizens may only travel to Belgium for essential reasons, if they are fully vaccinated, or have proof of recent recovery from COVID-19. Read more here.

If you have recently recovered from COVID-19  you will need a recovery certificate that  shows that you have recovered from COVID-19.  You must also show your positive PCR test result that is no older than 180 days and you no longer need to isolate.

If you are not vaccinated or if you don’t have proof of recent recovery:

  • You must present a negative  PCR test taken within 72 hours before arrival.
  • On arrival in Belgium, you do not have to go into quarantine.
  • Get tested again on day 7.

Children under the age of 12 do not have to get tested.

 

Are there additional requirements to enter Belgium?

Yes, you must fill out a passenger health locator form within 48 hours of arrival in Belgium.

 

Do I have to wear a mask in Belgium?

Yes, face masks are required for anyone 12 and older. You must wear a mask indoors and in public spaces where social distancing is not possible.

 

What’s open and closed in Belgium?

Restaurants and bars are open with social distancing measures in place. Bar service is not allowed.

Shops are open with limited capacity and social distancing measures in place.

 

Croatia Travel Restrictions

Croatia was the first European country to reopen its borders in 2020, locking down last fall before resuming travel this spring.

Today, there are several ways to get into Croatia.

 

Dubrovnik, Croatia

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Croatia?

Yes. You can get into Croatia by showing proof of vaccination, presenting a recent negative COVID-19 test, or providing proof of recent recovery from COVID-19.

  • If you are vaccinated, you must present your certificate of vaccination (including Moderna, Pfizer, or Johnson & Johnson) showing that your final dose of the COVID-19 vaccine was administered at least 14 days prior to entering Croatia. In addition, the last shot of your vaccine can be no older than 270 days.
  • If you take a COVID-19 test prior to arrival, it must be a PCR or rapid antigen test taken no more than 48 hours prior to arrival in Croatia.
  • You can also provide proof of recovery from COVID-19 with a medical certificate or a positive PCR or rapid antigen test performed in the last 12 to 180 days.
  • You can also get into Croatia by taking a PCR test or a rapid antigen test upon arrival to Croatia (at your own expense), but you must stay in self-isolation until receiving a negative test result. If a test is not available, arriving travelers must self-quarantine for 10 days.

 

Are there additional requirements to enter Croatia?

Yes, you’ll also need to fill out a form online that includes your travel dates as well as a COVID-19 health declaration.

Upon arrival in Croatia, you’ll need proof of your accommodations and any other booked activities to show that you are visiting for tourism.

 

Do I have to wear a mask in Croatia?

Masks are mandatory in all closed spaces. They are also mandatory in outdoor spaces where you cannot maintain a distance of 1.5 meters – just under five feet.

 

What’s open and closed in Croatia?

Restrictions may vary by region depending on the amount of recent COVID-19 cases in that area.

Restaurants are open.

Hotel and camping site restaurants are open.

Events such as plays, operas, cultural events, and dance performances are allowed but may require proof of vaccine or a recent negative COVID-19 test for entry.

 

Read More: What it’s Like to Visit Croatia in 2021: Know Before You Go

 

Czech Republic (Czechia) Travel Restrictions

The Czech Republic is open to U.S. travelers, but it’s much harder to get in unless you are vaccinated.

The U.S. is now designated a dark red or very high-risk country, which means if you aren’t vaccinated you will need to test prior to arrival, self-isolate, and take an additional COVID-19 test.

Vaccinated travelers are exempt from testing upon arrival and self-isolation.

In order to check into your hotel, and enter certain establishments like museums, you will need to present a vaccine card.

There are currently no direct flights from the United States to the Czech Republic. That means you’ll also need to check the transit rules of any other country you will travel through to get there.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for the Czech Republic?

Yes, you need to be fully vaccinated. You can also take a PCR COVID-19 test 72 hours prior to arrival, self-isolate upon arrival for five days, and take an additional COVID-19 test after day five in order to get in and around the Czech Republic.

Travelers who have proof of recovery from COVID-19 within the last 180 days can also enter the Czech Republic.

You can find all of the specifics here.

 

Do I have to wear a mask in the Czech Republic?

Yes, you must wear a KN95 mask in the airport and to enter shops and restaurants, on public transport, and in taxis.

 

What’s open and closed in the Czech Republic?

Most things are open throughout the Czech Republic.

However, in order to check into your hotel and enter certain establishments like museums, you will need to present a vaccine card, a negative COVID-19 test, or proof of recent recovery from COVID-19.

The negative PCR test has to be less than three days old, while a negative antigen test result has to be less than 24 hours old. If you have been vaccinated with a single-dose vaccine you must show proof that it is 14 days past the dose, within the last nine months. For double-dose vaccines, you must show proof that it is 22 days after the first dose, and within the last 90 days. If you have recently had COVID-19 you must present medical proof of recovery from COVID-19 in the last 180 days.

Restaurants are open.

Most museums are open but you must follow the requirements above for entry.

Tourist sites are open with social distancing measures.

Stores are open with social distancing measures in place.

 

Denmark Travel Restrictions

Denmark opened to Americans as of June 5. Currently, only fully vaccinated travelers from the United States can get in. You cannot take a COVID-19 test and enter Denmark.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Denmark?

Yes, you need to be fully vaccinated. 

The U.S. is currently designated an “orange” country. This means if you are fully vaccinated you can enter Denmark with proof of fully vaccination. If you have recovered from COVID-19 you can only enter Denmark with an approved “worthy purpose for entry”. You can find more information here.

 

Do I have to wear a mask in Denmark?

If you are 12 or older you need to wear a mask in situations in the airport and on public transport. Some businesses may require you to wear a mask to enter so be prepared and have one with you.

 

What’s open and closed in Denmark?

Denmark has implemented a coronavirus passport called the coronapas, a digital smartphone app which stores a recent negative COVID-19 test result, vaccination certificates, or proof of a previous infection two to 12 weeks earlier. It can also be in paper form, if necessary. You can find and download coronapass in the app store on your phone.

The coronapas allows people to enter zoos, sporting events, and indoor service in restaurants. Tourists can obtain free COVID-19 tests at many locations.

Restaurants are open from 5 a.m. to 11 p.m. and for indoor service, you must present a coronapas.

Museums and tourist sites are open but you must present a coronapas for entry.

Zoos are open but you must present a coronapas for entry.

 

Estonia Travel Restrictions

As of June 21, Estonia is open to U.S. travelers.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Estonia?

Vaccinated travelers or travelers with proof of recovery from COVID-19 from the U.S. are allowed to enter Estonia with no restrictions. If you are not vaccinated or cannot provide proof of recovery you can enter Estonia, but only by testing and quarantining upon arrival.

 

Are there additional requirements to enter Estonia?

Yes, you must fill out a traveler questionnaire within three days of arrival.

 

Do I have to wear a mask in Estonia?

Yes, masks are required on public transport and indoors.

 

What’s open and closed in Estonia?

Restaurants are open with social distancing measures in place.

Museums are open with social distancing measures in place.

 

Finland Travel Restrictions

Only vaccinated travelers from the U.S. are permitted entry into Finland.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Finland?

Yes, you must be vaccinated to enter Finland. Unvaccinated travelers are not allowed entry into Finland with the exception of specific, essential reasons.

 

Do I have to wear a mask in Finland?

Yes, masks are required on public transport and indoors.

 

What’s open and closed in Finland?

Restrictions will differ from region to region in Finland depending on local case counts, but here’s what you can generally expect in Finland.

Restaurants are open with restrictions on hours and social distancing measures are in place.

Museums and tourist sites are allowed to be open with restrictions in place.

 

France Travel Restrictions

France opened as of  June 9 to Americans and many other foreign tourists with proof of vaccination.

 

Paris, France

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for France?

Yes, you need to be fully vaccinated.

France is using a ranking system called the “stoplight system,” which assigns countries a color: green, orange, or red, based on  COVID-19 health indicators. As reported by CNN, the U.S. is now designated orange, downgraded from green. This means that all travelers must be vaccinated to enter France without quarantining.

Travelers from “orange” countries, must have been fully vaccinated at least two weeks prior to arrival in France with the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines – and a full four weeks with the single-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine.

If you are not vaccinated you can only travel to France if you have pressing grounds for travel. The list of pressing grounds is set out in the certificate of international travel drawn up by the Ministry of the Interior. You must present a negative PCR test taken less than 72 hours before departure or a negative antigenic test taken less than 48 hours before departure. Then upon arrival, you must self-isolate for 7 days. You may also be subject to a random test when you arrive in France.

 

Are there additional requirements to enter France?

Yes, every traveler must fill out a sworn declaration that you can download from the Interior Ministry’s website. You must fill this out and have it on hand before boarding your flight to France.

 

Can I travel to France with my unvaccinated children?

Yes, for travelers coming from “amber” countries, children over the age of 12 Each traveler aged 12 and over must present a negative PCR test taken less than 72 hours before departure or a negative antigenic test taken less than 48 hours before departure.

 

Do I have to wear a mask in France?

Yes, currently masks are required to be worn indoors. Masks are also required outdoors if you’re unable to socially distance.

 

What’s open and closed in France?

France has slowly emerged from the pandemic, scaling back months of lockdowns starting in May. As the spring faded into summer, many of the restrictions on daily life in France have faded away – including a nightly curfew.

In mid-July France’s President Macron announced that a health pass showing that you are vaccinated or have had a recent negative COVID-19 test will be required to enter most establishments, including restaurants, starting August 1. The health pass app was only available to EU residents.

However, there is now a way for Americans to get the French Travel Health Pass. You must apply online prior to arrival in France and submit the following documents (pdf, jpg, or png):

  • A vaccination certificate issued in accordance with the rules of their country of residence, demonstrating full vaccination with an approved vaccine;
  • a valid passport;
  • return airline tickets;
  • an application form available on the website.

If you don’t get your health pass (pass sanitaire) in time you can use your vaccine card. Some travelers have reported that they have been able to get the health pass from a pharmacy by bringing their vaccination card there and paying 20 euros.

Read More: What It’s Like Traveling in France Right Now? All your questions answered.

 

What’s Open in France

Bars and restaurants will be open for indoor and outdoor seating at 100% capacity with social distancing measures in place. Bar seating is still not allowed.

Shops and indoor markets will no longer have limited capacity.

Museums and tour sites will be open at full capacity but with social distancing measures in place.

Cinemas, theatres, and concert halls will be open at full capacity for seated events. Standing events will have a limit. A health pass will be required for entry for events with 1,000 or more people.

Sporting Venues are set to open, with no capacity limits. A health pass will be required for entry for events with 1,000 or more people.

Spas and Salons will be fully open

Zoos will be open at full capacity.

Boat cruises can resume at full capacity with social distancing measures. A health pass will be required for cruises with 1,000 or more people.

Nightclubs will remain closed.

 

Where can I get a COVID-19 test in France to return to the U.S.?

To return to the U.S. you will need to get a PCR or rapid COVID-19 test within 72 hours of your flight departure time.

To find a testing site in France consult the U.S. Embassy in France website for all of the information you need.

 

Neuschwanstein Castle, Germany

 

Germany Travel Restrictions

Germany opened to vaccinated travelers from the U.S. as of June 20.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Germany?

To enter Germany, you must be fully vaccinated.

If you are vaccinated, it needs to be at least 15 days since your final dose. You will need to present your vaccine card, like a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) card.

As of mid-August, travelers coming from the U.S. who are not fully vaccinated can no longer enter Germany.

Most hotels are requiring proof of vaccination at check-in or a negative COVID-19 test taken within 48 hours of check-in. This means if you are not vaccinated, you will need to get more COVID-19 tests in Germany in order to comply.

 

Are there additional requirements to enter Germany?

Yes. As of Aug. 15, the U.S. has been designated a high-risk area, this means every traveler from the U.S. must fill out a digital registration form to be submitted upon entry.

 

Can I travel to Germany with my unvaccinated children?

Yes, children that are not eligible to be vaccinated (under the age of 12) can take a COVID-19 test in lieu of vaccination.

 

Do I need to wear a mask in Germany?

Yes, and not just any mask.

Most of Germany requires all masks to meet the requirements of FFP2 or KN95/N95. Your mouth and nose must be covered aboard any public transport, in stores and busy outdoor places where the minimum distance to others cannot be kept at all times.  

 

What is open and closed in Germany?

Each region, or federal state, in Germany, has its own regulations for what can be open. You can find all of the rules for each federal state here.

Most hotels are requiring proof of vaccination at check-in or a negative COVID-19 test taken within 48 hours of check-in.

To give you an idea of what’s open, the following regulations apply in Berlin:

You must wear an N95 or KN95 mask in public spaces, including outdoors.

There is not a curfew.

Restaurants are open, but you will be asked to provide proof of vaccination to eat indoors.

Tourist excursions and tours are allowed. You will have to present proof of vaccination.

Museums and galleries are open with social distancing measures in place.

Public transport is up and running.

Shops are open but in nonessential stores, you will have to provide your contact information for COVID-19 contact tracing.

Read more: Traveling to Germany in 2021: All of Your Questions Answered

 

Greece Travel Restrictions

Greece is open to travelers. And yes, that includes Americans.

Greece officially opened back up to travelers from the U.S. and a handful of other countries as of mid-April. Proof of vaccination or a recent negative COVID-19 test can get you into the country to explore Athens, hop out to the islands, and beyond.

While Greece is open, restrictions in the country are tightening up. Music is banned on the island of Mykonos. And you must present your vaccine card or a recent negative COVID-19 test to enter restaurants and bars.

 

Santorini, Greece

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Greece?

There are a few ways to get into Greece.

A negative COVID-19 PCR test conducted no more than 72 hours before arrival. Children 5 and under are exempt from  testing requirements

OR

Proof of vaccination certificate if fully vaccinated (14 days since the final dose). Accepted vaccines for proof of entry include Pfizer, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson, Astra Zeneca/Oxford, Novavax, Sinovac Biotech, Gamaleya (Sputnik), Cansino Biologics, Sinopharm.

OR

Proof of recovery from COVID-19 within the last 30 to 180 days. This can be proved through a certificate of recovery issued by a public authority or a certified laboratory. Another option is a certificate of a positive PCR molecular test result that is dated at least two months before arrival, and no later than nine months before arrival.

 

Do I need anything else to enter Greece?

Yes. You’ll also need to fill out the Passenger Location Form no later than 11:59 p.m. the day before arriving in Greece.

Whether you opt to provide a negative COVID-19 test or proof of vaccination, all travelers will be subjected to a possible random health check upon arrival. This will include rapid antigen tests at the entrance gates for selected travelers.

If you are selected for a random health check and test positive for COVID-19, you’ll enter mandatory quarantine. According to the Greek government: “Travelers who test positive will be transported to quarantine hotels and undergo further PCR tests to confirm the diagnosis. Guests will stay in seclusion hotels for at least 10 days, and they will undergo new tests again. The expenses of the accommodation in quarantine hotels are covered by the Greek state.”

 

Do I have to wear a mask in Greece?

Masks are currently required both indoors and in crowded outdoor spaces in Greece for everyone except children under 4.

 

What’s open and closed in Greece?

Restaurants & cafes, nightclubs, music spaces, theatres and cinemas will require guests to show an official certificate of vaccination, proof of recovery from COVID-19 (within the last six months and minimum 30 days since the first positive result), or a negative Rapid test (at a cost of €10) taken within the last 48 hours. Venues have the option to allow only vaccinated guests to enter.

Signage is also being used in indoor restaurants, bars, cinemas, and theatres to show their specific Covid-19 safety levels:

1.   Covid-free – Catering only to guests able to show an official certificate of full immunity (vaccination or recovery)
2.   Mixed space – Also admitting unvaccinated individuals with a negative PCR or rapid test, taken within the last 72 or 48 hours respectively
3.   Fully vaccinated staff – Indicating that all staff have been vaccinated.
​​​​​​

Restaurants, cafes, bars & clubs are open with an 85% capacity, serving only seated customers and 10 people per table.

Museums and Archaeological sites are open at limited capacity with restrictions on entry.

Shops are open but with limited capacity and social distancing measures.

Zoos are allowed to open outdoor areas with social distancing measures in place.

 

Hungary Travel Restrictions

Hungary is now open to U.S. travelers who have taken a COVID-19 test before arrival or travelers that have proof of recovery from COVID-19 in the last six months.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Hungary?

If you are arriving in Hungary by air you need to present a negative COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours of arrival. You can also show proof of recovery from COVID-19 within the last six months.

If you are arriving by train or car there are no restrictions.

 

Do I have to wear a mask in Hungary?

The mandatory mask mandate has been lifted in Hungary, however, you should still expect to have to wear your mask in most places indoors.

 

What’s open and closed in Hungary?

Some tourist sites are open with limited access while many are still closed. Check with the specific place you want to visit.

Restaurants are open with some restrictions.

 

Iceland Travel Restrictions

Iceland was the first country in Europe to reopen to vaccinated American travelers in 2021, way back in March. But you’ll need to be fully vaccinated to get in.

 

Iceland

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Iceland?

Being fully vaccinated is clearly the easiest way to get into Iceland. But it’s still not easy.

Iceland now requires all visitors to provide a negative COVID-19 test before boarding their flights to Reykjavik (KEF), adding another layer of restrictions on top of vaccination requirements.

In addition to a preflight COVID-19 test taken 72 hours before departure, you will need proof of full vaccination from any of the three approved vaccines in the U.S.: Pfizer, Moderna, or Johnson & Johnson. AstraZeneca vaccines will also be accepted. If it has been less than 14 days since your final shot, you will be tested (at no expense) for COVID-19 upon arrival, then you will be required quarantine until results are in – for just a few hours to a day.

Travelers can present a paper or electronic certificate as proof for entry, according to Iceland’s regulations for entry. After questions about whether common vaccination cards in the U.S. would pass muster, Iceland clarified those regulations to ensure they would. Providing proof of recovery from a previous COVID-19 infection also will get you into Iceland.

As of July 1, fully vaccinated travelers no longer need to test upon arrival in Iceland, however, you do need a test before boarding your flight to Iceland. 

If you’re not vaccinated, you’ll need to take a COVID-19 test no more than 72 hours prior to arrival, get a second test upon arrival, quarantine for five days, and then get tested a third time to leave quarantine.

You can also present a certificate of recent infection and recovery from COVID-19. If a traveler has recently been diagnosed with COVID-19, they do not need to present a negative PCR or rapid antigen test at the border. Instead, a positive PCR test must be presented that is older than 14 days (isolation completed) but younger than 180 days.

 

Are there additional requirements to enter Iceland?

Yes, all travelers to Iceland must fill out a pre-registration form before arrival. You cannot fill out the form until 72 hours prior to your arrival.

 

Do I need to wear a mask in Iceland?

Masks must be worn on public transport, ferries, and taxis. You do not need to wear a mask in shops or restaurants unless the specific business requires otherwise.

 

What’s open and closed in Iceland?

Restaurants are open. The restaurants that serve alcohol can be open until 11 p.m. with social distancing measures in place.

Museums are open with limited capacity.

Pharmacies are open with occupancy limits and social distancing measures in place.

Grocery stores and other stores are open with occupancy limits and social distancing measures in place.

Swimming pools and hot springs such as the Blue Lagoon are open with limited capacity and may require reservations.

Spas and gyms are open with limited capacity.

Campsites are open with limited capacity.

 

Ireland Travel Restrictions

Ireland reopened to travelers from the U.S. and the rest of Europe on July 19. Currently only vaccinated Americans and those with proof of recent recovery from COVID-19 can enter Ireland without quarantining.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Ireland?

As of July 19, Americans are allowed entry into Ireland with proof of vaccination or recovery from COVID-19 without quarantining.

If you are not vaccinated and have been in (or transited through) the United States in the 14 days prior to your arrival – you will need to present a negative COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours of arrival. You will also be required to quarantine in a hotel for a full 14 days. This may be ended early on day 10 if a COVID-19 test result comes back negative.

 

Are there additional requirements to enter Ireland?

If you are traveling to or through Ireland you must fill out a passenger locator form.

 

What’s open and closed in Ireland?

Restaurants are open.

Shops have been allowed to re-open as of May 17.

Hotels and guest houses are open.

 

italycovidtravelrestrictions scaled e1624548151564

 

Italy Travel Restrictions

Italy got a jumpstart and reopened to American travelers starting in May. You now must be vaccinated and also present a negative COVID-19 test, or show proof of recent recovery from COVID-19 to enter Italy.

Starting Aug. 6, a Green Pass” showing proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test will be required to enter Italian restaurants, cinemas, stadiums, and museums, Reuters reports.

Read More: Digital Green Pass? Health Pass? How to Get a COVID-19 Pass for Europe

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Italy?

To get into Italy you either need to be fully vaccinated or have proof of recent recovery from COVID-19.  Either way, you need to also provide a negative COVID-19 test (PCR or antigen) taken within 72 hours of departure.

If you are vaccinated, you will need your CDC vaccine card showing you received your last shot of the Moderna or Pfizer vaccine, or Johnson & Johnson shot at least two weeks prior to travel and a negative COVID-19 test.

 

Are there additional requirements to enter Italy?

Yes, all travelers must complete a passenger locator form online prior to arrival. In the event of technical difficulties, travelers can fill out a paper form.

 

Can I travel to Italy with my children?

Minors 6 and older accompanied by adults must present a COVID-19 test, rapid or PCR, taken within 48 hours of departure. Children under 6 are exempt.

 

Do I need to wear a mask in Italy?

Masks are required to be worn indoors throughout Italy with a few exceptions. You do not need to wear a mask while exercising or eating and drinking. Children under the age of six are also exempt from wearing a mask.

 

What’s open and closed in Italy?

As of Aug. 6, everyone over the age of 12 must present a COVID-19 digital green certificate, or an equivalent certificate issued by the health authorities the United States to access certain services and activities:

  • Indoor dining at restaurants and bars
  • Performances open to the public, sporting events, both outdoors and indoors
  • Museums and tourist sites
  • Swimming pools and gyms
  • Festivals and trade fairs
  • Spas and fitness centers
  • Gaming halls and betting shops, bingo halls and casinos

You can either present your vaccine card or a recent negative COVID-19 test.

Restaurants, bars, ice cream shops, and bakeries, are all open indoors and outdoors.

Hotel restaurants are open and do not have a limit on the number of diners as long as they are all staying on the premises.

Shops are all open with limited capacity that they must post on the entrance.

Museums and tourist sites are open to a limited amount of people at a time.

Cinemas, theaters, and concert halls are open at 50% capacity and are limited to 500 people indoors and 1,000 people outdoors.

Sporting events will resume on June 1 with limited capacity.

Spas, theme parks, and amusement parks will be allowed to reopen on July 1.

Still closed at this time are nightclubs and dance halls.

 

Where can I get a COVID-19 test in Italy to return to the U.S.?

To return to the U.S. you will need to get a PCR or rapid COVID-19 test within 72 hours of your flight departure time.

To find a testing site in Italy, consult the U.S. Embassy in Italy website for all of the information you need.

 

Latvia Travel Restrictions

Latvia is open to U.S. travelers.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Latvia?

Yes, U.S. citizens can present a vaccine card to enter Latvia.

Travelers who have not yet been vaccinated can only enter Latvia if they have a purpose of travel considered “essential”.

 

Are there additional requirements to enter Latvia?

Yes, you must fill out an electronic COVID pass within 48 hours of arrival.

 

Do I need to wear a mask in Latvia?

Yes, masks are required in all indoor spaces. Children 13 years and older must wear a mask. Children 7 years and older are required to wear a mask on public transport.

 

What’s open and closed in Latvia?

Restaurants are open but to eat indoors you may need to provide proof of vaccination, recent recovery from COVID-19, or a negative COVID-19 test taken within 48 hours.

Museums are open but with limited capacity and you may be required to make a reservation.

Stores are open with social distancing measures in place.

 

Lithuania Travel Restrictions

As of June 1, Lithuania is open to fully vaccinated travelers from the U.S.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Lithuania?

Yes, only fully vaccinated Americans are allowed entry into Lithuania. You must provide proof of full vaccination at least 14 days prior to arrival.

 

Are there additional requirements to enter Lithuania?

Yes, you must fill out a questionnaire 48 hours prior to arrival.

 

Do I need to wear a mask in Lithuania?

Yes, face masks are required on public transport and in indoor spaces.

 

What is open and closed in Lithuania?

Hotels and spas are open.

Restaurants, bars, and cafes are open.

Museums and zoos are open.

Guided tours are allowed but it is recommended to book in advance.

 

The Netherlands Travel Restrictions

The Netherlands opened to U.S. travelers on June 24 with very few entry requirements. But that has changed.

As of Sept. 4, American tourists heading for Amsterdam (AMS) or elsewhere in the Netherlands will be required to quarantine for up to 10 days, according to an update the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs. And that’s true regardless of their vaccination status.

But, less than two weeks after shutting out nearly all American travelers, vaccinated or not, the Netherlands has had a change of heart.

Starting Sept. 22, the Netherlands will allow entry of fully vaccinated Americans without requiring a five- to 10-day quarantine.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for the Netherlands?

As of  September 22nd fully vaccinated Americans are allowed entry without quarantine.

Unvaccinated travelers from the U.S. and other high-risk areas won’t be allowed entry for tourism or other nonessential travel purposes, period.

 

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

 

Are there additional requirements to enter the Netherlands?

All arrivals must fill out a health declaration form and a quarantine declaration form.

 

Can I transit through the Netherlands?

Yes, you can transit through the Netherlands as long as you don’t leave the airport during your layover. Your departing flight must leave the same day as arrival.

Even if you’re transiting and therefore exempt from quarantine requirements, you still need to fill out the quarantine declaration form

 

Do I need to wear a mask in the Netherlands?

Face masks are mandatory in public spaces.

 

What is open and closed in the Netherlands?

As of September 25, you will need a coronavirus entry pass to enter more crowded spaces such as some bars, museums, and events. Currently, the Dutch app used to produce a coronavirus entry pass QR code does not recognize the U.S. CDC vaccination cards. However, you can get tested free of charge to get a QR code for entry.

Restaurants and cafés are open at full capacity.

Supermarkets and pharmacies are open.

Nonessential stores are open but with limited capacity.

Museums and tourist sites are open but you must get tickets in advance.

Events are allowed.

 

Where can I get a COVID-19 test in The Netherlands to return to the U.S.?

The U.S. Consulate General Amsterdam has prepared a list of commercial testing providers for tourists. You can find this list here.

 

Norway Travel Restrictions

Norway is not currently open to U.S. travelers.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Norway?

It is unknown when Norway will open to U.S. travelers and what will be required for entry.

 

Poland Travel Restrictions

Poland is open to vaccinated travelers from the U.S.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Poland?

Yes, you must be vaccinated to travel to Poland from the United States. You must have completed your final dose of an EU-approved vaccine (including Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson) at least two weeks prior to arrival.

 

Can I travel to Poland with my children?

Yes. Children under 12 are exempt from vaccination requirements for entry in Poland if they’re accompanying a fully vaccinated adult.

 

Do I need to wear a mask in Poland?

Yes, masks are required indoors in Poland.

 

What is open and closed in Poland?

Restaurants are open with social distancing measures in place.

Museums and art galleries are open with limited capacity and social distancing measures in place.

Theaters and cinemas are open with limited capacity.

Shops are open.

Nightclubs are open with limited capacity.

 

Portugal Travel Restrictions

Portugal opened to Americans on June 15. But it’s getting harder to travel there.

Just a few days after opening, travel to and from Lisbon was banned due to a COVID-19 outbreak. Currently, there are no restrictions for travel to and from Lisbon but that may change based on case counts.

Every traveler to Portugal must present a negative COVID-19 test regardless of vaccination status. You will also need a recent COVID-19 test or a vaccine card to check into hotels, Airbnbs, or other accommodations.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Portugal?

You do not need to be vaccinated to enter Portugal.

Every traveler, with the exception of children 24 months old and under, must present a negative COVID-19 NAAT or PCR test taken 72 hours prior to arrival or a rapid antigen test taken within 24 hours of boarding.

The autonomous islands Azores and Madeira have their own restrictions and travel to and from Lisbon is currently banned.

To enter the Azores you must present a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival. You can also present proof of recent recovery from COVID-19 or test upon arrival and quarantine. This is the case whether you are arriving from the U.S. or from mainland Portugal.

To enter Madeira you must present a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival, present proof of recent recovery, or proof of full vaccination. To speed the process on arrival, the Regional Government of Madeira suggests travelers complete a health questionnaire between 48 and 12 hours prior to disembarking.

 

Are there additional requirements for entry into Portugal?

Yes, every passenger must fill out a passenger locator form before departure to Portugal.

 

Do I need to wear a mask in Portugal?

Yes, masks are required in public.

 

What is Open in Portugal?

Proof of vaccination or Negative COVID Test is now required to check into hotels, guesthouses, and private vacation rentals (Airbnb, VRBO, etc.). You must present one of the following

  • a Vaccine card or EU Digital Vaccination Certificate or
  • A negative COVID test result (PCR 72 hours; antigen 48 hours; rapid test before health official 24 hours) or
  • A rapid test immediately on arrival in front of an employee at hotels that offer this service

Restaurants and cafes are open.

Tourist sites and museums are open with a limited capacity of 50%.

Shops and shopping centers are open.

Public transport is up and running without any capacity limitations.

 

Slovakia Travel Restrictions

As of July, 19 Slovakia is open to U.S. travelers that are vaccinated. You can travel to Slovakia if you are unvaccinated but you will be required to self-quarantine.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Slovakia?

Vaccinated travelers from the U.S. can enter Slovakia if it has been at least 14 days (but not more than 12 months)  since the second dose of an mRNA vaccine; at least 21 days (but not more than 12 months) since vaccination with a single-dose vaccine.

If you are unvaccinated you can enter Slovakia but you are required to self-quarantine for 14 days or quarantine for five days and take a PCR test to leave quarantine early.

 

Are there additional requirements for entry into Slovakia?

Yes, all travelers must fill out the Health Passenger Locator Form before arrival.

 

Do I need to wear a mask in Slovakia?

Yes, masks are required in indoor spaces and on all public transportation.

 

What is open and closed in Slovakia?

Each region will be at different stages of opening depending on cases in that area. Here is generally what is open and closed.

Restaurants are open with limited seating.

In some cities, museums are open with limited capacity and in others, only private tours are allowed.

Theaters and cinemas are closed.

 

Slovenia Travel Restrictions

Slovenia is open to U.S. travelers who present a vaccination card, a negative COVID-19 test, or proof of recent recovery from COVID-19.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Slovenia?

Yes.

You either need to present proof of vaccination (14 days after your last shot), a negative COVID-19 PCR test or rapid antigen test taken within 48 hours of arrival, or proof of positive COVID-19 result between 10 days and six months of arrival.

 

Do I need to wear a mask in Slovenia?

Masks are required in public indoor spaces.

 

What is open in Slovenia?

You may be required to show proof of vaccination, negative COVID-19 test, or proof of recovery at your hotel or other establishments.

Restaurants are open with social distancing measures in place.

Museums and tourist sites are open with social distancing measures in place and limited capacity.

Swimming pools and recreation areas are open with social distancing measures in place and limited capacity.

Shops are open.

 

Spain Travel Restrictions

Spain is open to U.S. travelers with few restrictions on entry. But as of Sept. 6, all travelers will need to be fully vaccinated.

 

Barcelona, Spain

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Spain?

All travelers from the U.S. need to be fully vaccinated to enter Spain.

Children under 12 years old are exempt so long as they’re accompanying fully vaccinated adults.

 

Are there additional requirements to enter Spain?

Yes, all visitors must fill out the Spain Travel Health (SpTH) form at least 48 hours before arriving in Spain, generating a QR code to be scanned at border control.

 

Can I travel to Spain with my unvaccinated children?

Yes, all U.S. citizens are allowed entry with no restrictions.

 

Do I have to wear a mask in Spain?

Facemasks must be worn indoors.

 

What’s open and closed in Spain?

Things are re-opening in Spain but what is open varies by region and city.

Restaurants and bars are open from 6 a.m. to midnight but cannot serve after 11 p.m. Tables indoors are limited to four people and tables outside are limited to six people.

Museums are allowed to be open with social distancing measures and limits on capacity. However, some may remain closed.

Parks, gradens, and zoos are open.

Public transport is up and running again. Masks must be worn.

A curfew is in place in some cities in Spain.

 

Where can I get a COVID-19 test in Spain to return to the U.S.?

To return to the U.S. you will need to get a PCR or rapid COVID-19 test within 72 hours of your flight departure time.

To find a testing site in France consult the U.S. Embassy in Spain website for all of the information you need. You can also purchase an approved test to bring with you and schedule a telehealth appointment and get your results quickly.

 

Sweden Travel Restrictions

Sweden opened to travelers from the U.S. on July 1. But as of Sept. 6, the U.S. has been removed from the “safe countries” list. That means Americans are no longer be allowed to enter Sweden.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Sweden?

As of September 6, Americans will not be able to travel to Sweden.

 

Switzerland Travel Restrictions

Switzerland opened to Americans as of June 26. As of  September 13, the United States was removed from Switzerland’s safe travel list. This means that only fully vaccinated Americans will be allowed entry.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Switzerland?

Only fully vaccinated Americans are allowed entry into Switzerland with their vaccine card. After October 10, 2021, in order to enter Switzerland, the vaccination certificates must be converted into a Swiss certificate. The details of how this will work are still being figured out.

Tested and COVID-19 recovered travelers are no longer allowed entry.

 

Are there additional requirements to enter Switzerland?

Yes, travelers must fill out this entry form.

 

Do I have to wear a mask in Switzerland?

Masks are required indoors.

 

What’s open and closed in Switzerland?

You must present your vaccine card/certificate for entry into restaurants, museums, and all indoor public facilities.

Certificate requirements:

  • Must be human-readable, in other words, a QR code will not be accepted
  • Include personal information, type of vaccine, vaccination country, vaccination date

After October 10, 2021, the vaccination certificates must be converted into a Swiss certificate.

Restaurants are open outdoors and indoors.

Cinemas and theaters are open at a limited capacity.

 

United Kingdom: Scotland and England Travel Restrictions

The United Kingdom is open to U.S. travelers – and after months of waiting, the United Kingdom dropped its mandatory 10-day quarantine for vaccinated visitors from the U.S. and other countries as of Aug. 2.

Vaccinated travelers no longer have to take a COVID-19 test prior to arrival but are still required to take an additional test on or before day two after arrival in the United Kingdom. You need to book and pay for your COVID-19 test in the UK prior to arrival. You can find information on this here.

If you aren’t vaccinated, you need a COVID-19 test prior to arrival, another test two days after arrival, and then you need to quarantine for 10 days.

If you are planning on traveling anywhere after spending time in the United Kingdom, check the travel requirements for that country from the UK. Many countries are still closed to travelers that have spent any time in the United Kingdom. 

 

London, England

 

Are there additional requirements for entry into the United Kingdom?

Yes, you must fill out a passenger locator form.

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for England, Northern Ireland, or Wales?

As of Aug. 2, vaccinated travelers from the U.S. will be allowed entry into the United Kingdom with no quarantine requirement. Vaccinated travelers still need to schedule and pre-pay for a COVID-19 test to be taken on day two and input that information into the passenger locator form.

If you are leaving the airport and spending less than two days in the UK you still need to pay for a COVID-19 test but if you leave before day two you do not need to take it.

If you are transiting through London Heathrow (LHR) you need to take a COVID-19 test within three days of departing for England.

 

Do I need to be vaccinated or take a COVID-19 test for Scotland?

Travelers from the United States, no longer have to self-isolate if they are fully vaccinated.

You must also declare that you have been fully vaccinated on your passenger locator form and pre-pay for a COVID-19 PCR test to take on 2 days of arriving in Scotland – you can use the CTM booking portal to book and pay for a NHS COVID-19 PCR test, or you can buy a test from a list of private providers in England.

 

Do I have to wear a mask in England, Northern Ireland, or Wales?

Yes, masks are required indoors and in public spaces where social distancing is not possible. If you do not comply you could be fined 200 pounds ($283 USD).

 

Do I have to wear a mask in Scotland?

Yes, masks are required indoors and in public spaces where social distancing is not possible. If you do not comply you could be fined 60 pounds ($85 USD).

 

What’s open and closed in England?

You may be required to present your vaccine card to enter certain venues.

The following is open:

Restaurants, pubs, and bars are open.

Museums are open.

Gyms are open.

Concert halls, theaters, and indoor entertainment venues are open.

Indoor and outdoor events are permitted with limited capacity.

 

What’s open and closed in Scotland?

Scotland follows a COVID-19 levels system with Levels 0 to 4, with Level 0 having the least amount of restrictions and Level 4 with the most. Almost all of mainland Scotland is at Level 1  which means most things are open with no restrictions.

Restaurants and pubs are open.

Shops and stores are open.

Gyms and swimming pools are open.

Tourist attractions are open.

Cinemas, theaters, and concert halls are open.

Stadiums are permitted to have events but you may be required to show your vaccine card.

 

FAQs About Travel to Europe

How do I get the digital Green Pass?

The digital Green Pass, or digital COVID-19 certificate, is currently only for European Union citizens. U.S. citizens are not able to get it.

But you won’t need it to enter any of these countries. Instead, you’ll need a CDC vaccine card, a negative COVID-19 test, and/or a traveler form filled out ahead of time. Check your destination for the specific entry requirements.

Read More: Digital Green Pass? Health Pass? How to Get a COVID-19 Pass for Europe

 

Can I travel between European countries?

You can travel between European countries if the country is open to U.S. travelers. Be aware that each country may have different requirements for entry including negative COVID-19 tests within a certain amount of time before arrival.

Be aware that you will need to check the rules for entry for the country you’ve spent time in, not your country of citizenship. For example, many European countries do not allow entry for travelers that have spent any time in the United Kingdom in the past 10 days.

 

Do I have to wear a mask in Europe?

Yes, currently all European countries require masks in some capacity. Make sure to check the rules of the country you’re visiting. In our experience, European countries are far more vigilant about ensuring mask compliance than in the U.S.

There may be fines for not complying.

 

Can my children travel to Europe if they aren’t vaccinated?

Yes, children who are not eligible to be vaccinated (under 12 years old) will be allowed to travel with you if your destination allows travelers to enter with a negative COVID-19 test instead of a vaccination card. Some countries may have exemptions for children of a certain age. For example, Iceland allows children born in 2005 or after to skip health screening and the quarantine requirement if they are traveling with a vaccinated guardian.

 

Do I have to get a COVID-19 test to come back to the U.S.?

Yes, you are still required to take a COVID-19 test (PCR or rapid antigen test) within 72 hours of your flight returning to the U.S. To find testing sites at your destination, check the U.S. Embassy website for that country or inquire with your hotel or Airbnb host.

Read more: ‘What if I’ve Had Covid-19?’ and More About the International Testing Requirement

 

What if European travel restrictions change and I can no longer get in?

Much is still up in the air about when many European countries will open. And some that have reopened their borders had made clear that they will close down travel if necessary.

That makes it critical to plan your trip carefully and be flexible if you need to cancel or change.

All international tickets for flights on domestic carriers can be changed for no fee or canceled for a voucher except basic economy tickets – though some airlines have resumed that flexibility on the cheapest basic economy tickets, including Delta and United. If not, make sure to book a fare above basic economy.

Wait to book accommodations and activities until you’re sure you can go – or only book accommodations and activities that are fully refundable.

 

Do I need travel insurance for my trip to Europe?

That’s up to you.

Travel insurance or not, book your trip with the flexibility to cancel for at least a voucher or credit. Some travel insurance policies may cover additional costs if you’re required to quarantine or cut your trip short, but you need to read the fine print.

Beyond that, it’s not a bad idea to get insurance to cover any possible medical costs that arise – or to cover some of the additional costs if you’re forced to quarantine abroad after testing positive.

Read more: COVID-19 and Travel Insurance: All Your Questions Answered

 

Will I be able to go to museums and tourist sites in Europe?

It depends on the country. Check your destination above for all of the details.

Plan your trip to a destination with outdoor sites and activities, that way if museums and attractions are closed you still have plenty to see and do.

 

Editorial Disclaimer: Opinions expressed here are the author’s alone, not those of any bank, credit card issuer, airlines or hotel chain, and have not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities.

Disclaimer: The responses below are not provided or commissioned by the bank advertiser. Responses have not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by the bank advertiser. It is not the bank advertiser’s responsibility to ensure all posts and/or questions are answered.

10 Responses

    • Hi Michelle, you can find the “coronapas” for Denmark in the app store on your phone. I have just updated the article with that info.

    • We don’t expect EU countries to close down completely to U.S. travelers. They will tighten up the requirements for entry. Most will require travelers to be vaccinated and possibly provide a negative COVID-19 test in addition. Just wait and see what happens. The EU announcement is just a guideline for countries to follow and they will each set their own rules.

  • Booked Aeromexico Dfw- Mexico City- Amsterdam. End of September. From there flying to England and Scotland. Will be transiting only through the Airports without leaving. Will we have to quarantine in UK. because Mexico is on the Red list. Or because we don’t leave the Airport will we get in quarantine free. Both are vaccinated. One US citizen one UK citizen. (Resident)

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